Classical gardens of Suzhou, China

Suzhou is situated on the banks of the mighty Yangtze River and is a city of canals. Also dubbed the ‘Venice of the East’ although we’ve travelled through several alternate Venices by now (St Petersburg, Bangkok, …) and none of them are even close to having the same atmosphere as the real thing.

P8098273.JPGNot a gondola in sight…

Suzhou is famous for its classical Chinese gardens, nine of which have been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage list. Unlike the imperial parks of the Forbidden City and Summer Palace in Beijing, these were private gardens, built by wealthy men and intellectuals and designed to recreate natural landscapes in miniature.

Master-of-Nets pondA miniature landscape, rocks, trees, water and small pavilion in the Master-of-Nets Garden

The Humble Administrator’s Garden

The Humble Administrator’s Garden originally dates from the early 16th century and is the largest of the remaining gardens in Suzhou. At first we though it wasn’t actually so big but it’s full of twisting paths and little buildings so that you can actually get lost. It is cleverly designed so that beautiful vistas open up across the garden at various spots, some even use the technique of ‘borrowing’ scenery, something that we also saw in Japanese gardens. Here, for example, looking across to the North Temple Pagoda:

Borrowed scenery in the Humble Administrator's GardenIt was a hazy day, but you can see the pagoda at the end of the lotus pond (it’s actually 0.5km away from the garden

Like many of the buildings in this and the other gardens, the name comes from Chinese literature. The garden was first laid out by Wang Xianchen when he retired from public life as an imperial envoy and poet. He was inspired by a quote from an essay titled ‘Staying at Home Idle’:

To cultivate my garden and sell my vegetable crop…is the policy of a humble man

After Wang died, his eldest son lost the garden to pay gambling debts and it was split and changed hands several times in the following centuries before being reconsolidated by the government in 1949.

The Mountain-in-View TowerThe Mountain-in-View Tower

I’m sure it would be a wonderful place to relax on a quiet day but when we visited it was absolutely overrun with tour groups. Chinese tour groups are like an extreme version of a normal tour group;

  • they have a kind of herd mentality that makes them lose any peripheral vision and just keep walking in a straight line regardless of whether their way is blocked by another person
  • they are obsessed with taking photos of each other, usually to the exclusion of whatever ‘view’ they’re standing in front of and frequently draped over a wall or statue
  • many walk around with their cameraphones in front of their face snapping everything but looking at nothing
  • the guides are equipped with a microphone to project the information as far as possible, not the most peaceful in a compact garden with dozens of them competing for attention

Crowds in The Humble Administrator's GardenSee if you can spot Andrew taking a photo for someone in the middle of this chaos

Suzhou embroideryThe House of Sweet-smelling rice contained an exhibition of stunning embroidery by a local craftswoman, Haiyun Zhou

At the far end of the garden is a space given over to hundreds of bonsai trees. This section wasn’t quite as packed as the other areas of the garden and we enjoyed seeing the variety of different trees which had been miniaturised, and some of them had some forming wires in place to shape their branches.

Bonsai trees in the Humble Administrator's GardenThe bonsai trees were displayed on pedestals in the areas between the paths

Paving patterns collageI really liked spotting the patterns of stones in the paths

The Humble Administrator's GardenA rare quiet moment in the Humble Administrator’s Garden

Master-of-Nets Garden

Having learnt our lesson from the day before we were determined to get to the Master-of-Nets Garden as early as we could to minimise the crowds. The garden opened at 7.30am but with a one hour walk from our hotel the best we could manage was 8am. It paid off, we weren’t the only ones there but it was a much nicer and more enjoyable experience.

Master-of-Nets GardenPlan of the Master-of-Nets Garden in tiles

In the centre of the garden is a pond surrounded by the living quarters of the former residence which are linked by courtyards and covered walkways.

Stone doorwayEntrance doorway of carved stone

Rock gardenRock gardens found in the inner courtyards of the Master-of-Nets Garden

Building interiors in the Master-of-Nets GardenBuilding interiors (clockwise from left): pot plant in The Beauty Within Reach Tower; window in The Watching Pines and Appreciating Paintings Studio; The Peony Study

Reflections in the Master-of-Nets GardenReflection of The Prunus Mume Pavilion in the garden’s pond

Looking over the Longevity BridgeLooking across the pond from The Leading to Quietude Bridge

Canglang Pavilion

For a city with some major tourist attractions, Suzhou is remarkably lacking in signage (in either Chinese or English). We stumbled across the entrance to Canglang Pavilion when we got lost on our way to the Master-of-Nets Garden and, as it was close by, we returned on our way back to the hotel. It is the oldest of the existing gardens in Suzhou dating from 1044. The name can be translated as Great Wave or Surging Wave Pavilion.

Canal running in front of Canglang PavilionThe garden is fronted by a wide canal and you must cross a bridge to enter

Canglang PavilionSituated on a small hill in the centre of the garden is the eponymous pavilion, a popular place for a rest and a picnic

Covered walkway in Canglang Pavilion gardenA covered walkway leads around this rather murky pool to The Buqi Pavilion

Canglang Pavilion's latticed windowsLatticed windows in the whitewashed walls are a notable feature in the Canglang Pavilion

Old twisted treeAn old and twisted tree outside The Pure Fragrance House

Our favourite of the gardens that we visited was the Master-of-Nets Garden for its clever layout and rock gardens. I’d really like to visit Suzhou again in other seasons, I think the gardens would feel quite different and that the most memorable views would be transformed by a covering of snow or brightly coloured autumn leaves.

2 thoughts on “Classical gardens of Suzhou, China

  1. dad

    Stunning! Loved the description of the minitiarisation and clever perspective ‘tricks’ to maximise the space available. I have a growing (sorry!) interest in Bonsai culture and was intrigued by the photos of those you saw outside on pedestals. Perhaps, as you say, you might find yourself back there at a different time of year? There will be special places that call you back I’m sure. Blessings, dad xx xx

    1. Julie Post author

      I’m increasingly interested in the bonsai trees too and am tempted to have a go when we get back although I’m not sure whether I have the required patience! xx


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